Wednesday, March 30, 2016

BH 3 Bald Hills Early Landowners pre 1859 William Loudon

Bald Hills -  

The area of Bald Hills in the original surveys of North Brisbane was very large.  Over time the adjoining lands were divided into different localities, including Carseldine, Strathpine in the Pine Shire and Bracken Ridge, leaving the suburb quite a different geographical locality than what it was in the days of not only the first settlers, but those of  us who moved into the area 100 years later.

Some parts of the early landholdings are referenced as Lot Number parish of Nundah, particularly those records of the period 1857 to 1859, before separation.   The land sizes were huge.

Where possible research has been done on each of the original landowners.

John Bradfield                          Lot 19               8th September 1858
John Bridges                            Lots 25,29,30     9th February 1857
William Carseldine                   Lot 33                6th April 1858
Charles Duncan                        Lots 32, 40        29th June 1857
David Blackether Duncan          Lots 39              29th June 1857           
William Gilbert                        Lots 23, 24         8th Sept 1858
Janet Gray                               Lot 27               10th May 1858
Thomas Gray                           Lot 26               22nd Jan 1857
Ralph Harrison                         Lot 38               9th Feb 1857
Joshua Jeays                            Lots 18,             14th Dec 1858
                                               Lots  30, 31,32  19th March 1859

William London (Loudon)        Lots 14,15,20,37  3rd August 1857
                                               Lots 21               22nd January 1857
                                               Lot 18                 23rd August 1858
                                               Lots 39, 40, 41, 42      14th December 1858

Henry O'Reilly                         Lot 16              8th September 1857
John Stewart                             Lot 31              9th Feb 1857
William John Ward                   Lots 3, 7, 8      27th February 1857
                                                Lot 4               29th June 1857
Joshua Westaway                      Lot 20, 22         8th September 1858

William Loudon was the first recorded owner of land in Bald Hills Parish of Toombul Lot 21, on 22nd January 1857 he was followed by Thomas Gray with Lot 26. then John Bridges, Ralph Harrison and John Stewart.

While it gets a bit confusing with all the different names, for the most part, each of the above purchasers with the exception of Charles Duncan, David Duncan,  William Carseldine and John Stewart, appear to be land speculators

Time has changed the layouts considerably, however working from the Bald Hills Station going south, all the lands that take in Wakefield Street to Telegraph Road, seem to align with those owned by William Loudon.    

In the 1850's he would have been referred to as a "Capitalist" later those terms changed to "speculator"  He had land in both North Brisbane and in South Brisbane.

William John Loudon   Lot 84   89.6 acres  11th May 1854
William John Loudon   Lot 86   89.6 acres  11th May 1854

He had a business relationship with another large land owner, Robert Cribb 

To follow his life the following newspaper articles provide some background, as he does not seem to have an online biography 

1862 – the Sandgate Hotel, built by William Loudin in 1862.  He also owned the Freemasons Hotel in Fortitude Valley

He owned the land in South Brisbane on which the National Australia Bank stands.

The building was originally constructed as the South Brisbane branch of the Queensland National Bank. Constructed by local builders, A Stonadge and Son, to a design by Addison and McDonald, the new premises at 39 Melbourne Street was opened for business on 31 July 1929.

The land on which the building was to be constructed was one of thirty allotments sold in the Brisbane land boom of 1854. The Deed of Grant for the land was acquired on 11 May 1854 by William John Loudon.

 As it was situated within the town limits drawn up in 1846, the allotment was affected by each of the major urban developments on the South Brisbane peninsula such as the development of the public transport systems, the declaration of the first-class urban areas and the widening of the major arterial roads (Melbourne and Grey Streets).

It was also one of the many areas inundated by the floods of the 1890s. Subdivision of the original blocks was underway by 1870 and allotment 1 section 15, of which this site is a part, was acquired by Patrick Maunsell on 3 March 1871.

It was sold by Maunsell's widow in 1897 and passed through several hands until the site was acquired by Janet Mearns Pike and Richard Pike in 1912


William John Loudon we learn was a publican, but he was also a land speculator and in partnership with Robert Cribb, and had a relationship with R.Davidson, and Daniel Rowntree Somerset.  All men were speculators, and had land holdings in the area.

The following report from the Queensland Supreme Court, clearly identifies his activities, along with Mr Cribb in relation to early land transactions and their relationship when dealing with land sales and high interest rates!!!

 From a transcription of a case argued in the Supreme Court.

In the matter of John Loudon,    Deceased. and  Cribb's Claim.

Cockle, C. J. and  Lutwyche, J.

We now proceed to apply this rule to the facts of the case. We think that the late Registrar was right in the view which he took of the nature of the contract entered into between Cribb and Loudon on or about March 1st, 1863. It appears to us that Loudon agreed to pay Cribb 12 per cent, interest on all advances, but that he did not agree to pay him a commission of 5 per cent. on such advances, nor to pay compound interest. We think that Loudon agreed to pay Cribb a commission of 5 per cent, on all moneys collected by Cribb for Loudon, and 5 per cent, on all sales of land, but that Cribb was not entitled, under the agreement, to receive an additional 6 per cent. for moneys collected, when he personally received the purchase money, or a portion of the purchase money, for the land sold.

But we think that, in the allowance or disallowance of particular items, the late Registrar was not always consistent with himself, and it will be our duty in the course of this judgment to point out some mistakes which he made on both sides of the account, as well as to correct and supply other errors and deficiencies. The series of calculations, based upon different principles, which Mr. Griffith submitted to the Court as part of his argument, we found, with one exception, that marked C, at first sight, adverse to the claim. 

When obvious errors were corrected, they showed that a larger or smaller balance was due to the estate from Cribb, instead of to Cribb, from the estate. We do not propose, therefore, to examine them in detail, as all the errors which appear in them appear also in the calculation marked C, where, however after making the necessary deductions for these obvious errors, there still appeared a balance in favour of Cribb To that balance there was to be added a sum of £15 17s. lid., the amount of rent overpaid to the executors of Loudon, and interest thereon £1 6s. 7d.,as well as £16 ISs. 3d. for interest on the 5 per cent, commission for collections, which Cribb might have deducted at the time of their receipt,  and which were as much moneys out of his pocket as if they had been advances, and must be regarded as standing in the same category.

These sums assist in swelling the aggregate amount of Cribb's claim against the estate, as represented in C , to a grand total of £121 10s. 8d. On the other hand there are various deductions to be made from the items in this account. In the first place, there must be deducted the interest charged on the first item, £20, which was improperly placed in the interest-bearing column.

Next there is an amount of £39 18s , made up of three different sums of £20 lOs., £13 18s., and £15 10s. charge for commission on advances, but properly disallowed Cribb's Claim. by the late Registrar.

Again, we find a commission — £3 — on money Cockle, O. J. collected from Cookesley, charged twice, commission overcharged £8 14s. 8d., and an amount of £22 9s. 6d., which must be deducted for commissions on land sales, charged twice, in the shape of a commission on moneys collected.

The item of £12 I4s. for commission on sale of portion 14, Toombul, which was allowed by the late Registrar, we think, ought not to be allowed. The sale was never completed, and £100 was paid by Loudon to be off the bargain, Cribb being an active and interested agent in procuring the rescission* And we think that the item of £40, charged for surveying and partially clearing this portion of land, must go out of the account altogether. The late Registrar disallowed £20 for the survey, but allowed the charge of £20 for clearing. We think that he was wrong in the allowance of this latter charge.

We collect from the evidence that the contract between Cribb and Loudon, in respect to this particular portion of land, was to the following effect : Loudon was to be charged £110, without interest, while Cribb was to pay the expenses of surveying and selling, and after paying Loudon £11 per acre for the land, the surplus was to be divided equally between them.

We do not find a word about clearing in William Loudon's letter of 19th June, 1865, and we cannot gather from any other part of the evidence that the clearing was effected with Mr. Loudon's knowledge or acquiescence.

In October the Moreton Bay Courier reported that the unfinished brick building at Fortitude Valley, formerly in the occupation of Mr Sutton, has been sold by Mr Richardson, the proprietor for £600, and will be opened as an Hotel. 

The property described as subdivisions 2, 3, and 4 of block 3 and sub 1 of block 6 of ESA 71 was acquired by William John Loudon (sometimes called London) who established the Freemasons Arms (also known as the Freemasons Hotel) on the site, obtaining a license in April 1854 becoming the only licensed premises in the Valley, the nearby Strangers Home Inn losing its license in that year.

By 1854, only five years after the arrival of the immigrants of the Fortitude, the (Fortitude) Valley was a thriving village exhibiting the most visible changes in Brisbane: there was a 'good brick inn' (Loudon's Freemasons Hotel) in the main street and a constable to keep order; North Brisbane and Fortitude Valley were almost joined with perhaps a kilometre of vacant land between the buildings of the two communities; the land through to Breakfast Creek was opening up; and Fortitude Valley became part of the suburban spread with the subdivision and sale of the early large allotments.

 (W Ross Johnston, Brisbane the first 30 years Boolarong Publications 1988 pp 235-6, 240)

Given that the hotel building was described on its sale to Loudon as unfinished, it is believed he must have undertaken some building works at this time, possibly adding a second storey to the corner section. During 1854 regular horse and cattle sales were held at the hotel which was apparently considered convenient for its abundant stabling, yards, and excellent paddocks close at hand for the reception of stock previous to day of sale without any extra charge. Loudon remained as licensee of the Freemasons Hotel (renamed the Lamb Inn in 1857) until 1859 although in 1858 the premises (including the hotel and 3 cottages) were sold to Jeremiah Daly. 

In 1860 George Challenger became licensee and in the following year John Harvey who remained until the hotel license was taken up in 1863 by George Dickens, who had acquired the hotel in 1861. It is Dickens who is believed to have changed the name of the hotel to the Royal George (in 1863). Apparently on account of ill health, Dickens advertises the hotel for let in July 1864:

THE ROYAL GEORGE HOTEL fronting Ann and Brunswick Streets Fortitude Valley. Comprising 18 rooms, out houses, good stabling, spacious yard, and capital cellar. The above is a corner allotment fronting Ann Street being the main road to Breakfast Creek, Eagle Farm, German Station, Bald Hills, Sandgate, and Pine River with a frontage to Brunswick Street leading to Bowen Bridge, Kedron Brook & c. The House is an old established one, and doing a good business, and the proprietor's reason for relinquishing business is on account of ill health in his family ...

A new licensee was not apparently found until the following year when the license was transferred to Henry Penfold and in 1866 to Michael Daly and in the same year back to Dickens (until 1868). In 1868 the property was conveyed to Dickens' mortgagee, the Anglican Bishop of Brisbane. A Sam Loudon (also written as London) is listed as licensee from 1869-70 when Henry Farley assumes the license until 1872. 

William John Loudon died in 1867.

Name:John Loudon
Death Date:04 Jun 1867
Death Place:Queensland
Father's name:William Loudon
Mother's name:Janet Gordon
Registration Year:1867
Registration Place:Queensland
Registration Number:000800
The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939). (about). Previous issue Saturday ... EQUITY JURISDICTION. IN THE MATTER OF WILLIAM JOHN LOUDON.

he Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Friday 4 December 1868 p 1 Advertising
... being CREDITORS of or otherwise having any claims upon or against, tho Estate of WILLIAM JOHN LOUDON ... ,  Sandgate, m tho colony of Queensland, Licensed Publican, deceased, who died on the 26th day of ... 

And who was the executor of William John Loudon?  none other than Mr D.R. Somerset.

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Tuesday 15 December 1868 p 2 Article
... D. R. Somerset, as executor of the late William John Loudon, the land and buildings erected thereon

So now the relationship between William Loudon, Daniel Rowntree Somerset and Robert Cribb is confirmed!

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