Tuesday, April 5, 2016

BH 4.2 Landowners and Speculators Henry St John Bridgeman

Henry St John Bridgeman

What is known about Henry St John Bridgeman?     

The suburb of Bridgeman Downs was named after him.  But have your ever wondered why?

My interest in H. St John Bridgeman in relation to Brackenridge, was the result of researching some early landholders in the region between Sandgate and Bald Hills. H. St John Bridgeman held a very large parcel of land in 1924 in the area bounded by Bald Hills Road.

The question then became "What was his relationship with the Brackenridge area?"

As we all do, the easiest way to obtain an answer is to ask Mr Google!   

Mention is made of his being the purchaser of lands in Northern Brisbane

The first land purchaser in the Arana Hills District was Henry St John Bridgeman in November 1863. This portion 9 parish of Bunya which covers a pocket of land bounded in part by Kedron Brook and Dawson Parade very soon became the property of William McCallum Park, who sold to the Patrick family at the turn of the century.

Bridgeman Downs: About 12km north-west, named after early settler Henry St John Bridgeman who bought land there in 1860

In November 1860 Henry St John Bridgeman bought land bounded by Albany Creek Road, Bridgeman Road and Beams Road

Unfortunately that seems to all that can be researched about Henry St John Bridgeman.

Henry St John Bridgeman must then have been a man of considerable worth, to be able to purchase the large tracts of land.  Perhaps not the normal activities of an employee of HM Customs.

His abilities and contribution as a pioneer of the area should be recognised as should his daughters.

Henry St John Bridgeman

Following the life of Henry St John Bridgeman and his family in Brisbane is not without its challenges.

There were in fact two Henry St John Bridgeman's who worked at H.M. Customs, father and son. 

The following chronological narrative of his life, as resourced from known facts tells a far different and much more interesting version of his life, rather than the "worked in Customs" tag.

According to the Queensland Government Gazette of 1868

Bridgeman, Henry St. John, appointed Locker, Customs Department, Brisbane .  

This was Henry Senior.

Customs officer ie boatman, tidewaiter, locker, or even tide surveyor at a customs house at a nearby port. 

He later worked at Rockhampton. 


Sometimes a family story begins with their death, and this one is no different.

Henry St John Bridgeman came from County Clare in Ireland with his wife and children, possibly in 1859 on the "British Empire"

He was the son of Henry St John Bridgeman and his wife Lucy Reddan from County Clare in Ireland.
He married Frances Stein Dewar, daughter of John Dewar and Frances Stein.

Henry died 3rd July 1878 and Frances died 1901

Their children included:

Henry St. John Bridgeman                      died unmarried     1891 aged 36  His birth would be 1855
Constance Mary Aloysius Bridgeman      died unmarried 5th August 1906
Mary Florence Bridgeman                      died unmarried 5th April 1914
Isabella Mary Gertrude Bridgeman          died unmarried 6th August 1881 at the home of her mother                                                                Light Street Brisbane.
Joanna Mary Bridgeman                         died unmarried 1881
Lucy  Bridgeman                                   died unmarried 28th July 1877
Theresa Mary Bridgeman                       possibly born in Ipswich 1866

Before moving to Brisbane, he was Manager of National Bank in Moate Ireland as reported in 29 Aug 1857 and also at Loughrea

 Westmeath Independent Westmeath, Republic of Ireland BOARD. 'lhe lion Geokob Hancock. Lieut—Col. J. Cbambkr Roberts. Charles Roprb, Esq. AGENTS, Mr Jas. Henry Brown, National Bank. Galway— .Mr F. Dennis, National Bank Moate— Mr H.S. Bridgeman, National Bank. ROYAL-EXCHANGE ASSURANCE, Incorporated

He and his family then left for Queensland possibly in 1859.

The career of Henry St John Bridgeman in Brisbane.

In 1863 he was the sub-manager of the Bank of Queensland.
Bank of Queensland (Limited), (corner of Queen and George streets). General Manager, Alexander Anderson; Sub-Manager, -Henry S. Bridgeman. Discount, daily.

Moreton Bay Savings' Bank (Queen-street, next Post Office).



The first ordinary meeting of the share holders in this bank was held on ... to the shareholders the audited accounts of the company, to 31st December, 1863




In Ireland... ... ... The Union Bank of Ireland
(limited) „ Scotland ... National Bank of Scotland Liverpool ... ... Messrs. I Barned and Co.
Manchester .. ... The Union Bank of Manchester (limited) Birmingham .. ... Birmingham and Midland Bank
India and China ... Commercial Bank of India South Australia ...

 South Australian Banking Company Melbourne and Sydney Oriental Bank Corporation and branches.

The Head Office of the Company in this Colony is now open for general business under an Act of the Legislature of Queensland, 1863.

Local bills discounted, Cash Credits opened, and advances made upon approved security to customers only, on such terms as may be agreed upon. Bills on England purchased, and Drafts on the United Kingdom sold, at rates fixed for each outward mail to Europe; but in no case exceeding Sydney quotations. Drafts granted and Bills purchased on Sydney, Melbourne, and other towns in the Australian colonies.

Deposits received for fixed periods of sums not less than £100, on terms, as follows:-12 months ... ... ......... ... 6 per cent . per annum

In 1864 Henry was appointed Acting Manager. 

 In 1864 he is mentioned many times in newspaper articles trying to secure tenants for a property currently rented by Thomas Bishop in Ipswich.  Perhaps Bishop has reneged on his housing loan to the bank?

In 1864 there is evidence of his residing in Ipswich

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Wednesday 9 November 1864

TO LET, the SHOP and HOUSE, in Ipswich, in occupation of Thomas Bishop. Possession can be had on the 15th instant. Apply to H. S. BRIDGEMAN

In 1864 the Bank were involved in lendings to the Catholic Church.

Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Thursday 14 April 1864 p 3 Article

... unanimously adopted. Mr. H. S. Bridgeman, in moving the second resolution, said that there could be no ..


He was on the board regarding the St Stephen's Cathedral

From the various reports in the newspapers of the day, he and his family were heavily involved within the Catholic Church, and had dealings with the Right Rev. James Quinn, Bishop of Brisbane, and was involved with St Stephen's Church.  

The North Australian (Brisbane, Qld. : 1863 - 1865) Saturday 16 January 1864 p 1 Article
... thereupon Mr. Anderson despatched a telegram to Mr. Henry St John Bridgeman, the Sub-manager of the ... Henry St. John Bridgeman, at the hour of 3 o'clock-in the afternoon of tbe said 30th day of December ...


James Quinn, also known as James O'Quinn (17 March 1819 – 18 August 1881), was the first  Roman Catholic Bishop of Brisbane

(Photos: State Library of Queensland and John Oxley Library)

Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908), Saturday 9 January 1864

In 1866, he was still at the Bank of Queensland Office in Ipswich, and his wife gave birth to a daughter.

Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908), Saturday 17 March 1866,.  There is a good chance this is Teresa, as she married in 1899

But the good fortune of the Bank was not to last.  In 1866 the Board of Directors in London were hearing of the incredible losses that the bank was making. 
There was a severe financial crisis in Queensland in 1866.

Pughs Almanac
B President-H. S . Bridgeman
Residence Year:
Residence Place:
Queensland, Australia
S . Bridgeman
Residence Year:
Residence Place:
Queensland, Australia

Adding to the crisis, the Bank of Queensland, established only three years earlier, also collapsed.

Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Thursday 9 August 1866 

Winding up of the Bank of Queensland.

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Thursday 9 August 1866 p 2 Article
... and H. S. Bridgeman, that an order should be made for the winding-up of the Bank of Queensland .

In 1866 the girls were students at All Hallows, in Brisbane and the Right Rev Dr Quinn gave prizes in December 1866

Life after the closure of the Bank is unknown, but in 1869, he was mentioned in the following notice  Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933), Monday 6 April 1868

He was mentioned in the Petty Debt Court

Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (Qld. : 1861 - 1908) Thursday 4 March 1869

He commenced with HM Customs  in 1868, and was posted to Rockhampton, and then moved to become a Locker at Brisbane.

The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Saturday 7 November 1868 p 5 Article
... Bridgeman, clerk, Rockhampton, to be locker, Brisbane, vice Hay, promoted; Mr. Edward Eldridge Smith, junior ... clerk, Rockhampton, to be clerk, vice Bridgeman, removed to Brisbane ;

This entry is similar to another entry of his son, who joined in 1878..

In 1877 daughter Lucy died.

The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) Saturday 1 December 1877 p 5 Article
... Sister Mary Bega (Miss Lucy Bridgeman). His Lordship Bishop O'Quinn presided at the ceremonies,

Henry St John Bridgeman died on 3rd July 1878

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Thursday 4 July 1878 p 2 Family Notices
... DEATH   BRIDGEMAN.-On the 3rd July, at his late residence,     Bowen Hills ... , Fortitude Valley, Henry St. John     Bridgeman, formerly of the Queensland Bank, limited, and......

His service was at St Stephen's Cathedral, before burial at the cemetery.

THE Friends of the late Mr. HENRY ST. JOHN BRIDGEMAN (of H.M. Customs) are respectfully invited to attend his Funeral ; to leave his late residence, Rosetta's Paddock, Valley, THIS DAY, at half-past 3 o'clock.

Later reports that his wife and son were living in Light Street, and he had previously been party to a petition to make sure that all new buildings were in stone.

The US Navy's Torpedo Overhaul Shop was located in Rosetta Street, Fortitude Valley, Brisbane, Queensland. It was located at the end of Light Street. The Benedict Stone building was knocked down in about 1999. There are modern apartments now located on the site.    


Caption on photograph: Corner of Wickham & Light Streets, built and owned by Mr J. Meyers. Information taken from Queensland Post Office Directory 1885: John Meyers, Carpenter, Light Street, Breakfast Creek Road. 

In 1849 immigrants from the ship 'Fortitude' arrived in Brisbane. They named the low lying land they occupied Fortitude Valley after the ship which brought them to Australia. Within a few years they had established thriving farms and dairies. By the early 1850s the Valley had 150 houses and cottages as well as two hotels and one store.
 By the 1880s the area was densely settled, and in 1891 the train was extended to Fortitude Valley from the city.

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Thursday 18 September 1879 p 2 Article
... late H. St. John Bridgeman, Customs Department, £220

His wife was granted a gratuity

In 1879 a notice appeared in both the Melbourne and Sydney papers in relation to a court case involving an estate of which Frances Bridgeman was involved.

Perhaps she did not receive the notice, as it was not posted in the Brisbane papers, although her husband's cousin was working as a Solicitor at the time in Melbourne, and he may have taken appropriate action.

This is another of those snippets of information that allows more information to be found.

Frances Dewar was the daughter of John Dewar, born 1787 in Collace Perthshire in Scotland, and Frances Stein, born c 1730 Dublin in Ireland. 

John and Frances had four children Margaret Mary, Alexander, John Jr, and Francis

Frances died in 1834, in Canada, and is buried at the
Hotel-Dieu (Historic Hospital)
Montreal Region
Quebec, Canada

Transcription of Death Record - courtesy of Doug Wilshire: 17 October 1834. The undersigned priest performed the buriel in the Hotel Dieu hospital cemetery. Frances Stein, originally from Ireland and the Widow of John Dewar, Brewer. She died the previous day in this hospital. Age of 34 years. Present, George Begin & Jean Bernier Undersigned, Prosper Gagnon George Begin -----------------------------------
Children: Margaret Dewar Dickson, John Dewar Jr., Alexander Dewar and Frances Dewar Bridgman.

There was a land sale of rather au extensive character at the Central Police Court,  Brishane, yesterday. It was conducted as usual, by Mr. Griffin, Clark of Petty Sessions and by Mr. 0. B. Lyons. One hundred and thirty-seven lots of country lands, near the German Station, Nundah Creek, the Nudgee Waterhole, and on Moreton Bay, in the county of Stanley, parish of Toombul, were offered, the upset price being £l per acre.

The areas varied from eleven acres up to sixty-three acres Ono hundred and twelve lots were sold as per particulars below. Though attendance was very good, the bidding was spirited, and prices ranged high.

Included in the successful purchasers were both H. St. J. Bridgeman, and Bishop Quinn

The lots which were purchased are included on the list from the Lands department.

A search of the Queensland Archives provides details of lands held by members of the Bridgeman Family.

BRIDGEMAN           Constance 838 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Henry 838 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Henry J 837 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Henry J 838 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Henry J 839 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Henry J 840 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Johan 838 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Lucy 838 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           May 839 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           May 840 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Richard 839 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Richard 840 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570
BRIDGEMAN           Robert 62 110 1870 1076738 IMM/249 Z2516
BRIDGEMAN           Thomas 837 1863 18764 IMM/247 Z1570

From the records, perhaps Constance, Henry, Lucy and May have been recorded as the owners of several of the lots.

Perhaps Richard, Robert and Thomas are related to the family.

Perhaps Bishop Quinn was purchasing for himself, or for the Church, or as an agent.

Perhaps the Bank of Queensland lent the funds for the purchase! 

The life of Bishop Quinn is very enlightening .........................

On 14 April 1859 Quinn was appointed bishop of Brisbane. After visiting Europe to recruit clergy and nuns he sailed in the Donald Mackay and reached Brisbane on 12 March 1861. He found an enormous diocese, weak in personnel, physical resources and financially in debt. His first attempt to resolve the financial problem by demanding control of educational funds collected in Ipswich parish precipitated a long unedifying quarrel with the pioneer Fr McGinty and influential parishioners like Patrick O'Sullivan, a quarrel which set the tone for his episcopate.

The Family of Henry St John Bridgeman

In 1881his daughter Isabella Mary Gertrude Bridgeman died, at the home of her mother in Light Street Brisbane.
Johanna Mary also died in 1881.
In 1891 his son Henry St John Bridgeman died.

At the time of his father's death in 1878, his son, also named Henry St John Bridgeman, was working in HM Customs.

Henry St John Bridgeman was recorded as living:
H.S. Bridgeman, customs locker 1874 Jane Street Brisbane
Henry St John Bridgeman  1889 1890  Lived in Light Street Brisbane
Prospect St Bowen Hills 1890

BRIDGEMAN.—On the 27th May, at his residence, Bowen Hills, Henry St. John Bridgeman, aged 36, late of H.M. Customs, eldest son of the late Henry St. John Bridgeman, formerly manager of the National Bank, County West Meath, Ireland, and late of H.M. Customs, Brisbane.

The following death notices as per the Brisbane Courier.

DEATHS. BRIDGEMAN.—On the 28th November, at St. Saviour's Convent of Mercy, Toowoomba, Lucy (in religion, Sister Mary Bega), the beloved daughter of Mr. Henry
St. John Bridgeman, of this city. R.I.P.

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Thursday 4 July 1878 p 2 Article

We are requested to mention that the funeral of Mr. Henry St ... . John Bridgeman, which takes place to-day, will, after leaving his residence at Bowen Hills, proceed to St Stephens before the cemetery.

BRIDGEMAN-On the 6th August, at the residence of her mother, Light-street, Bowen Hills, Isabella Mary Gertrude youngest daughter of the late Henry St, John Bridgeman, formerly of H.M. Customs, Brisbane, and of
County Clare, Ireland, (Home and American papers please copy. R.I.P
Mr. Henry St. John Bridgeman, an bid servant   in the Customs Department, died on Wednesday from rheumatism of the heart. The deceased entered the service in 1878 as tidewaiter, which position he held until 1886, when he was promoted to the rank of locker.
The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Friday 29 May 1891 p 4 Article
. Henry St. John Bridgeman, an old servant of the Customs

Another old servant of the Customs Department has passed away in the person of Mr. Henry
St. John Bridgeman, who died on Wednesday night from rheumatism of the heart. The deceased had been thirteen years in the service, having entered in 1878 as tide-waiter, which
position he held until 188C, when he was promoted to the rank of locker. The deceased,
who was unmarried, had been ailing for some time. He was 36 years of age.

BRIDGEMAN.-On the 29th September, at her residence, Spring Hill, Francis Stein Bridgeman, relict of the late Henry St. John Bridgeman, formerly manager Royal Bank, Ireland ; Bank of Queensland, Brisbane ; and H.M. Customs, aged 65 years. (Home papers please copy.)   (1836 - 1901)

Of his children it appears that there were not many who married , but the following marriage announcement for Teresa Mary Brackenridge provided information about her family.

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Saturday 6 May 1899 p 6 Family Notices
... ., Cumberland, England, to Teresa Mary (Tessie), sixth daughter of the late Henry St. John Bridgeman,

Teresa Mary Bridgeman
Spouse Name:
Percy Banks Wilkias
Marriage Date:
26 Apr 1899
Marriage Place:
Registration Place:
Registration Year:

Percy appears to be the son of Thomas and Isabel Wilkins from England, his mother was born in Cumberland, his father in Coventry, and his father was a School Master. An arrival of the Wilkins family on the Duke of Sutherland

Percy Wilkins
Birth Year:
abt 1874
Ship Name:
Duke of Sutherland
Port of Departure:
London, England
Port of Arrival:
Arrival Date:
18 Oct 1885

And a death in Tasmania
Percy Banks Wilkins
Death Date:
Death Place:
Registration Place:
Hobart, Tasmania
Registration Number:

But it is also the lives of Henry's two unmarried daughters that becomes quite interesting.

These ladies may very well have been the very first female real estate agents in Brisbane! They were not without some controversy, nor involvement with the Courts! 

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Saturday 5 November 1892 p 2 Advertising
... Misses Bridgeman, next General Post Office Waiting a superior class of Governesses Helps

The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Wednesday 8 December 1897 p 3 Article
... costs. Bridgeman v. Macalister. 'Constance Bridgeman claimed £200 damages from J. Macalister, a justice ... the Crown Solicitor's Office) for defendant. Constance Bridgeman

ADJOURNED FULL COURT.                 (Transcript included for the historical value of its content)

Before their Honours the Chief Justice (Sir S. W. Griffith), Mr. Justice Copper, and Mr. Justice Real.

Bridgeman v. Macalister (judgment).

The Attorney General (Hon. T. J. Byrr.es), with him Mr. M'Donnell (instructed by the Crown Solicitor), for J. Macalister, J.P., the appellant ;. Mr. P. B. Macgregor (instructed by Mr. E. J. Peterson) for Constance Bridgeman, the respondent.

This was an appeal from a judgment de-livered by his Honour Judge Paul in an action brought by Constance Bridgeman against J. Macalister, J.P. The action was one in which the plaintiff, who carried on a tourists' exchange, claimed £200 from Mr. Macalister for having, in his capacity as a J.P., issued a warrant for a search of her premises. She obtained £1 damages, with costs on the small debts scale. That judgment was appealed from on the ground that it was contrary to law ; that there was no evidence to support the judgment ; and that on the facts proved at the trial the defendant was entitled to judgment.

The matter was now called on for judgment.

The Chief Justice, in delivering judgment, said this was an action brought in the District Court by plaintiff against the defendant, a justice of the peace, for a trespass committed in the execution of a search warrant, issued by him, requiring the police to search on the premises which the plaintiff occupied. The only question that arose on this appeal was whether the justice had jurisdiction to issue the search warrant. Of course a justice could not, any more than any other person, authorise another to enter the premises of a stranger unless he was authorised by law to do so. The question, therefore, was whether the circumstances-that was the facts that were presented to the justice, on the issue of the warrant-were such as to give him authority under the law to Issue the warrant.
They (their Honours) happened to know now something about the actual facts of the case, but these ought to be dismissed from consideration, except so far as they were brought to the knowledge of the justice. The question whether he had jurisdiction to issue the warrant or not depended entirely upon the facts presented to him. Now, the Statute under which the warrant was claimed to have been issued was an Act 19 Victoria, No. 24, one of the Towns Police Acts. Section 21 provided that if information shall be given on oath to a justice that there is reasonable cause for suspecting that anything stolen or unlawfully obtained is concealed or lodged in any dwelling-house, or other place, it shall be lawful for the justice to issue a warrant, and so on.
In order, therefore, that the justice might be authorised to issue a warrant, it must be proved to him that there is reasonable cause for suspecting that something has been stolen, or unlawfully obtained, that the thing so stolen or unlawfully obtained is concealed or lodged in some particular place.

 It was necessary, not that it should be proved to him or sworn to him that the thing had been stolen, or had been unlawfully obtained, but that there was reasonable ground for suspecting that it had been stolen or unlawfully obtained, and that there was reasonable; ground for «suspecting that it was concealed somewhere. The reasonable ground for suspicion was the foundation of his authority. In the present case there was no question of stealing. The question was one of unlawfully obtaining. The search warrant which was issued was very inartificially drawn, and had to be read several times to discover what was to be inferred from the grammatical construction, or, rather, to discover what was to be inferred from the ungrammatical construction of it. The words, leaving out the unnecessary ones, were "the following goods the property of the Railway Commissioner-namely, a quantity of passenger railway tickets, which tickets he (the deponent) has reasonable cause to suspect, and does suspect, are concealed on the premises of the Tourists' Ticket Exchange, by reason of tickets being advertised for sale by the Tourists' Ticket Exchange." There was really no sentence beginning with " the following goods the property of the Railway Commissioner namely, a quantity of passengers' railway tickets." That was never finished, and no definite allegation was made in the document With respect to them at all, except in the following sentence, beginning, " which tickets he (the deponent) has reasonable cause to suspect, and does suspect, are concealed on the premises of the Tourists' Ticket Exchange." Now, the only definite statement there, taking it most favourably, giving it all the sense that you could give it, was that he suspected that certain rail-way tickets the property of the Railway Commissioner were concealed at the Tourists' Ticket Exchange ; and then he gave as his reason for that suspicion that tickets were advertised for sale by the Tourists' Ticket Exchange.

Now, the rule of construing a complaint on which to found a search warrant, he apprehended, must be taken to be that laid down by Lord Russell in the case of Jones and German, and substantially adopted by the Court of Appeal. At page 428 he said : " The question is, whether the information can be fairly under-stood as alleging reasonable ground for suspecting that the goods are feloniously held?" -in this case it would be unlawfully obtained. Now, could the information in question be fairly understood as alleging reasonable ground for suspecting that these goods were unlawfully obtained ? If there had been a definite allegation that passenger railway tickets the property of the Railway Commissioner were concealed on those premises, he (the Chief Justice) would be disposed to think prima facie that they must have been unlawfully obtained by some means or other, but that was not what was alleged. What was alleged was that the deponent suspected that property of that kind was concealed on the premises ; and what the statute required, as he had already; pointed out, was that it should be shown on path to the justice that there is reasonable cause for suspecting that something un-lawfully obtained is concealed on the premises.

 The only allegation here was an allegation of suspicion that something was concealed. There must be more than that -there must be reasonable ground for the suspicion What was reasonable ground; for suspicion that this property was there concealed? There must be evidence, of; course, on the face of the information, reasonable ground for suspicion that the property had been unlawfully obtained. As he had pointed out, the only definite statement was a statement of the deponent's suspicion that this property was concealed there. If there were reasonable ground for suspecting that this property was concealed there, he would be disposed to think that that might be sufficient evidence that it was unlawfully obtained, considering the nature of the property, and that such property could not properly be in the possession of anybody except the Railway Commissioner himself.

But the information must state the ground, the reasonable ground for suspicion. What were the grounds of the suspicion?--" By reason of; tickets being advertised for sale by the Tourists' Ticket Exchange. " That was the ground for suspecting that the Railway Commissioner's property was concealed on the premises. What connection was there between the two things ?

 Somebody advertised tickets for sale, and the inference the magistrate was asked to draw from that statement was that the tickets offered for sale were the property of the Railway Commissioner, and were concealed on the premises. From that point of view there seemed to be no connection between the fact and the suspicion alleged to be founded upon it.

Therefore, for his (the Chief Just-ice's) part, he was disposed to think that if it had been alleged that there was reasonable ground for suspecting that there was property of the Railway Commissioner concealed on the premises if would be sufficient, but in this case he could not see any ground whatever for entertaining any such suspicion. As he had pointed out, there was merely a statement by the deponent that he entertained a suspicion for which he gave no reason whatever. As the only suggestion of the unlawful obtaining of the property was that it was the property of the Railway Commissioner, and consisted of passenger tickets, and there was no ground for drawing that inference at all-the necessary element for reasonable suspicion that the property had been unlawfully obtained was entirely absent, and the magistrate was really acting upon what was a most shadowy statement.

 He (the Chief Justice) did not much wonder at the magistrate being misled, considering the extraordinary way in which the document was drawn. Any one reading it would fancy perhaps that there was in it an allegation that these tickets were concealed on the premises; but he did not see any such statement. It merely contained a statement that the deponent suspected they were ; he gave no ground for suspecting it. Therefore the ground for the exercise of this summary power was wanting, and the magistrate was acting without jurisdiction, and he was liable to an action by the person affected by his acts. The appeal therefore failed.

Mr. Justice Cooper and Mr. Justice Real concurred.

Mr. Macgregor asked for the costs of the appeal.

And another
In the summons division of the City Police Court, before Mr. R. A. Banking, P.M., and Mr. W. Tracey, J. P., yesterday afternoon, Mary Flora Frances Bridgeman was charged with selling to one Henry V, Becker on August 13 last the return half of a railway ticket purporting - to entitle the holder to travel from Brisbane to Roma.
Mr. P. B. Macgregor (instructed by the Crown solicitor) appeared for tho Commissioner for Railways, and Mr, P. J. O'Shea (Messrs. O'Shea and O'Shea) appeared for defendant. Defendant pleaded not guilty. Mr. Macgregor said tho case was the soma , as that brought before Mr. Ranking and Mr. Armstrong In October last. Mr. Ranking: When you bad the wrong .defendant? Mr. Macgregor: Yes. your worship. Mr. Ranking: Well, you think you have the right one now? Mr. Macgregor again assented, Samuel J. Hendren, superintendent of metropolitan railway stations, deposed that defendant was not authorised to soil railway tickets. John B. Cochrane, master of the Central railway station, deposed that on August 13 last a bylaw under which tho action against defendant was taken was exhibited at the Control railway station. Henry V. Becker, a shearing machine agent, residing at Sydney, said he had come to Brisbane in connection with the case in question. On August 13 last witness arrived at Brisbane from Sydney, and asked defendant  to sell" him a ticket to Cunnamulla. Defendant did not have a ticket to Cunnamulla, but sold defendant the return half of a railway excursion ticket to Roma. Defendant said she might have a ticket to Cunnamulla the next day, and if so shewould exchange it for the one which she had sold to him. Witness met defendant the day following, but defendant said she had not received a ticket to Cunnamulla since she last saw him. On August 14 witness travelled to Roma on the ticket in question. Something was said about the ticket by the station-master at Roma. Witness obtained another ticket at Roma. He appeared at the City Summons Court in October last in connection with the charge preferred against Miss Constance Bridgeman. Important business called him away immediately afterwards, and he was unable to return until the present time. Mary Flora Frances Bridgeman said she espied on a registry business in conjunction with two of her sisters in Queen street.
The first occasion upon which she saw the last witness was on October 17 last, the day upon which the case was brought against her sister Constance. Defendant did not sell a railway ticket to Booker on August 13 or at any other time. Nor did any other person at her premises sell a ticket to him so far as she was aware.

       By Mr., Macgregor : She could not remember what I was  doing on August 13 last, but supposed she was in the office on that date. She admitted that she advertised tickets for sale. Mr. O'Shae, in addressing the bench, dwelt it so/so length of the lack of corroboration of the evidence of the principal witness in the case. If such eases were decided against defendants . would be useless for defendants to enter tho box at all. It was simply a case of oath against oath. Mr. Macgregor, in replying, reminded the bench that it had been clearly laid down that the corroboration of evidence was quite unnecessary iu such cases. If a case like that in question were to be dismissed, what was the use of the Commissioner proceeding against anyone ? After a few minutes' deliberation, the police-magistrate announced that there was a feeling in the minds of the bench that there was a possibility of a jury giving the benefit of the doubt to defendant. The ease would, therefore, be dismissed. An application by Mr. O'Shea for costs was disallowed.


MISSES BRIDGEMAN'S OFFICES, next G.P.0., Brisbane. ... 75.; boy*, all with references, for stations, Ac. Personal attendance on departure of employees. .... land, Australia; last heard from October, 1890, when working in the tin mines close to ...

In 1903 Constance and Mary Bridgeman - Agents Lived at 58 Warry Street Brisbane 1903
Brisbane in 1893 to 1903 was very different to the City of today. In 1893 there was a flood and the GPO was under water. 


In 1901, Royalty came to visit, when Australia became part of the Commonwealth, everyone was enjoying the parade outside the GPO.

But in this old photo of the GPO, perhaps it was the building on the left hand side that the Bridgeman girls had their business.

Then Constance died.

The funeral notice provides some interesting facts.  A Mrs Ernest Bellis was her sister.

So who was married to Ernest Bellis?  The only sibling it could be is Teresa, but Ernest married in 1908 to Julia

According to Qld Births Deaths and Marriages, there was no Bridgeman married to a Bellis.
Julia Winton
Ernest Albert

.. plaintiff, Ernest Bellies, a sawmill, proprietor owning a sawmill at Nerang Creek, sued the defendant ... 260 words

But In the 1908 census Ernest Bellis and his wife Teresa Mary are living at Beechmont Hotel.  

Which means that Teresa Bridgeman remarried after her husband died. Teresa Mary Bellis died in 1944.

1913 Mary Flora Frances Bridgeman is living at Manning Street South Brisbane
 her position -  a Land Agent

Mary must have been a lady before her time, the Real Estate Industry was male dominated industry until the late 1970's

And then a death for Teresa

Teresa Mary Belliss

Henry St.John Bridgeman, Frances Stein

Some unexplained facts.
There is an entry for arrivals John Bridgeman arriving in 1859
Page Number:
John Bridgeman
Birth Year:
abt 1836
Ship Name:
British Empire
Arrival Date:

This is probably the arrival of  Henry St John Bridgeman, as often the names were transcribed incorrectly and it is the only record which could relate to their arrival. 

There is a record in the newspaper archives under Government business in 1914 relating to H.S. Bridgeman

1914 HS Bridgeman mentioned in paper The Brisbane Courier (Qld. : 1864 - 1933) Saturday 2 May 1914 p 12 Article
... . George, H. S. Bridgeman, R. Little, John Petrie, P. Ar. Roche, R. 17. D. AWhite, C'S. Graham, Fenwick ...

Who is this HS Bridgeman?  Perhaps he has something to do with the lands in Brackenridge!

And a death for   
Mary Theresa
- Bridgeman
- ** born West Meath, Ireland aged 78 years
She was a teacher in a convent        No parents names are mentioned, but her age would mean a birth in 1853, still in the correct timeframe if she was related to this family.
*Transcription errors are very common when researching old documents.

The marriage notice of Teresa, reveals just to whom Henry St John Bridgeman is related

The Family of Bridgeman were influential in County Clare, and the original Henry St John Bridgeman was one of the settlers granted land when Cromwell divided the country.  There are listed in the Irish records of Landed Gentry.

At the time of Griffith's Valuation the representatives of St John Bridgeman held land in the parishes of Kilmaley, barony of Islands and Tomfinlough, barony of Bunratty Lower, county Clare. The Bridgemans had been settled in county Clare from the late 17th century and were head tenants on lands in the parishes of Killuran and Kilseily, barony of Tulla Lower. Willliam Bridgeman buried in Kilseily cemetery, barony of Tulla Lower, appears to have married firstly Elizabeth Ievers and secondly Ellinor Wall.

His son Henry Bridgeman and his wife Catherine St John of county Tipperary erected a memorial to the family in Kilseily in 1714. St John Bridgeman was sheriff of Co Clare in 1737.

 Joanna Bridgeman, a Sisters of Mercy nun and a nursing pioneer, was born in Ballagh, Ruan Parish, barony of Inchiquin, county Clare, around 1812. Her father was St. John Bridgeman and her mother was Lucy Reddan of Derrynane, county Kerry.    (She was Henry St John Bridgeman's sister).  Her story is in the book.

 The representatives of St John Bridgeman held land in the parishes of Kilmaley, barony of Islands and Tomfinlough, barony of Bunratty Lower at the time of Griffith's Valuation. Hewitt Bridgeman sold the rental of 840 acres including Crough South, which he held from George Lysaght, in the baronies of Burren and Inchiquin, in the Encumbered Estates' Court in 1851. 

Bridgemans still held 12 acres in the parish of Ruan in the 1870s.

A St John Bridgeman was residing at Rathluby, parish of Quin, barony of Bunratty Upper, in 1799 and in the mid 19th century Henry Bridgeman held Rathluby from Eliza Piercey. In December 1861 the estate of Jane Piercy (a daughter of John Westropp of Fort Anne) at Cappagh in the barony of Lower Connello, county Limerick, and at Rathluby were advertised for sale in the Landed Estates Court. The sale rental records that Henry Bridgeman's lease had just expired.

By the end of the 18th century Rathluby was in the possession of the Bridgeman family. The buildings were valued at £5 at the time of Griffith's Valuation when Henry Bridgeman occupied the house which he held from Eliza Piercey and it continued to be a Bridgeman home until the end of the 19th century. The house is now a ruin. 
He was cousins of the following, and it could answer some questions as to his wealth and standing in the community. 

Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Earl of Bradford (19 March 1762 – 7 September 1825) was a British peer and politician.
The oldest son of the 1st Baron Bradford and Elizabeth Simpson, he was educated at Harrow School, London and at Trinity College, Cambridge. From 1784 to 1800, he was Member of Parliament (MP) for Wigan. Bridgeman succeeded to his father's titles on 5 June 1800. On 30 November 1815, he was made Viscount Newport, in the County of Shropshire and Earl of Bradford, in the County of Shropshire. Bradford died aged 63 in Weston Park in Staffordshire.


Lord Bradford married Hon. Lucy Elizabeth Byng, daughter of the 4th Viscount Torrington on 29 May 1788. They had four children:
  • George Augustus Frederick Henry Bridgeman, 2nd Earl of Bradford (1789–1865)
  • Vice-Admiral the Hon. Charles Orlando Bridgeman (1791–1860), married Eliza Caroline Chamberlain, daughter of Sir Henry Chamberlain, 1st Baronet on 2 January 1819
  • Hon. Orlando Henry Bridgeman (1794–1827), married Lady Selina Needham, daughter of the 5th Earl of Kilmorey on 5 July 1817
  • Reverend Hon. Henry Edmund Bridgeman (1795–1872), married Louisa Elizabeth Simpson, daughter of Hon. John Simpson, son of the 1st Baron Bradford on 25 August 1820

Daniel O'Connell (Irish: Dónall Ó Conaill; 6 August 1775 – 15 May 1847), often referred to as The Liberator[1] or The Emancipator was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Act of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland.

O'Loghlen, Sir Bryan (1828–1905)   by S. M. Ingham

This article was published in Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 5, (MUP), 1974

Sir Bryan O'Loghlen (1828-1905), politician, was born on 27 June 1828 in Dublin, third son of Michael O'Loghlen (1789-1842) and his wife Bidelia, daughter of Daniel Kelly of Dublin.

 The O'Loghlen family had been settled for centuries in County Clare. Michael was a distinguished lawyer who was elevated to the Irish bench in 1836 and appointed first baronet in 1838. He was the first Catholic since the 1688 revolution to be raised to a judicial office either in England or Ireland.

Bryan was educated at Oscott College, Birmingham. On 14 October 1845 he entered Trinity College, Dublin, where he took honours in classics and mathematics but left in 1847 to join the Young Ireland movement. Hoping to become a railway engineer he was articled in 1848 to T. Flanagan, an engineer of the Bolton, Blackburn and Clitheroe line.

 During the railway slump of 1849 he returned to Ireland and in 1850 gained farming experience on the family estate, Drumconora, County Clare. In 1851 he worked in a Swiss-German mercantile house in London.

 In 1852 he decided to read for the Bar and returned to Trinity College (B.A., 1856) and was called to the Irish Bar in Easter term. After five years on the Munster Circuit he arrived at Melbourne in January 1862 and was soon admitted to the local Bar. In April 1863 he was appointed a crown prosecutor and in the 1870s conducted some of the heaviest criminal cases in the metropolitan district. On 17 September 1863 he married Ella, third daughter of James Mackay Seward of Melbourne.

In 1876 O'Loghlen was appointed a land tax commissioner, but resigned to contest North Melbourne without success for the Liberal party in the election of May 1877. On 22 July he succeeded to the baronetcy when his elder brother died unmarried. Friends nominated O'Loghlen to succeed his brother as member for Clare in the House of Commons and, despite absence, he headed the poll.

As you can see, there was a great deal more about Henry St John Bridgeman, 
than his time as a Custom's Officer.

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